fertility roadblock

Improving Fertility With Your Diet (Increase Your Chances Today)

Reading Time: 27 minutes


Estimated Reading Time: 35 minutes

Is your diet the reason that you are struggling to conceive?

We’re going to show you some of the best ways to improve your fertility through your diet.

We are going to cut through the noise. There is so much conflicting information about the perfect diet to conceive and it is really difficult to know what to believe.

I’m an avid gym goer and have wasted many hours reading bogus ‘six pack diets’. However, the level of misinformation about summer bodies and six packs doesn’t compare to that on pregnancy.

I’m not a doctor! However, just from the sheer volume of contradictory content, it is clear that there are a number of falsehoods floating around.

The Fertility Secrets For Men & Women

There are some books out there that claim to maximise your fertility in just 3 months!

In this article, we’re going to have a look at the best ways to improve fertility for both men and women.

You are going to get the honest truth.

I’m not going to advocate one diet or another but by the end, you should have a clear idea of the basic principles, some of the foods everyone agrees you should be avoiding and a few tricks that have worked for some.

At the end of this article, you will have a clear idea of how to improve your chance of conceiving and some of the dietary roadblocks that could be holding you back.

Improve Fertility Today

How To Improve Fertility Today

For Women

Menstruation Phase

Follicular Phase

Ovulation Phase

Luteal Phase

Other Diet Considerations

How To Improve Male Fertility Diet

Sperm Abnormalities

Low or No Sperm Count

What Is A Good Fertility Diet For Vegans?

Fertility Diet For Specific Conditions?


How To Improve Fertility Today

There are a few changes that you can make to your diet and lifestyle that will have an immediate impact on your fertility. They are:

  • Mum’s Weight Control – Dutch researchers found that for every unit over 29 on the BMI scale, the chance of conceiving falls by 4%. Learn more about the impact of weight here. Conversely weighing too little will also harm your chances. Being underweight is likely to lead to irregular cycles.
  • Regular Sex – Having sex every other day has been proven to increase your chance of falling pregnant. There is an optimum approach to the number of times you have sex.
  • Man’s Weight – While it is important that women are in the healthy weight range, it is important for men to have things under control too. A healthy BMI is considered to be 19-24. For those of you that are more muscular, it may be a little harder to stay in the range but don’t be unduly worried.
  • Caffeine Intake – There is limited evidence to prove that a reduction will improve fertility but excessive  caffeine consumption will cause problems. In addition, once you are pregnant you will have to cut back.
  • Channel Your Inner Zen – Stress will harm you chances of becoming parents. It is well-known that stress is something you want to avoid. Whether it is exercise, walking more, having a massage, whatever works for you to channel the calmest version of you.
  • Stop Smoking  – Sadly, this is something that applies to both. While plenty of smokers manage to get pregnant, nicotine will prematurely age the ovaries, making a healthy fertilisation less likely. In men, there are dozens of studies linking smoking with poorer sperm quality.
  • Eat Healthy – This is heavily linked to the weight control. Having a balanced diet packed full of fruit and vegetables is the best way to ensure you’re getting all the vitamins and minerals you need. It seems like a lot of work but it is worth it. We explain more about specific foods later in the piece.
  • Get Your Beauty Sleep – There are so many benefits to get more shut eye. More sleep means you are less likely to be stressed. You’ll be more able to cope if it takes longer than expected. You’re more likely to stick to a healthy diet and you’ll be more up for the fun stuff!

When To Start Your Fertility Diet?

The simple answer to this question is as soon as you decide that you want to start trying for a baby. For both men and women, the changes can take a while to kick in.

If you know that you want to conceive in the next 6 months then now is the time to make the changes. Give yourself the best chance for success.

The average time for sperm regeneration is 74 days. It will take this time for the changes your man makes to have an impact on his sperm.

For the changes related to weight, these should be started sooner rather than later. Weight loss should only be done in a gradual and sustainable way. Crash diets will often leave you lacking in vitamins and minerals. This causes its own problems.

Dietary Secrets For Women By Stage

It seems that many of the articles, which are supported by studies, focus on the different stages of the cycle for women.

We are going to focus on the 4 distinct phases of a woman’s monthly cycle and some of the foods that can help at the different stages.

Diet During The Menstruation Phase?

During the menstruation phase, women lose an average of 30-40 ml of blood. This number climbs to over 60ml during a particularly heavy period. During this bleeding phase, the iron that is attached to the blood is lost from the body.

If the iron that is lost from the body isn’t replaced through your diet then that can have a negative impact on your health and your fertility.

The answer to this problem isn’t particularly complicated!

You need to eat foods that rich in iron, they include beans, pulses, nuts, wholegrains and leafy vegetables.

It was only when I was doing research that I realised just how many foods are a good source of iron.

As an added bonus, some sources of iron, including leafy vegetables, also have anti-inflammatory properties that can help ease period cramping.

Studies have also shown that combining your increased iron intake with a bit of extra vitamin C will help aid absorption. Conversely, alcohol, caffeine and spicy foods can make the bleeding even heavier.

The heavier the bleeding, the more iron you’re losing.

What Should I Be Eating In The Follicular Phase?

This is the first phase of your period. It starts at the end of your previous period and ends when you ovulate.

The key part during this phase is the build-up of your follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). FSH stimulates the ovaries to provide 5-20 follicles which each house an immature egg.

Due to the build up of this hormone, gradually the follicles mature and ultimately one egg is released from the most mature follicle.


Sadly, often the other follicles die!

Although in some cases more than one mature follicle can be released. This can lead to fraternal twins.

During this phase, there will also be an increase in the levels of estrogen which increases the volume of cervical fluids, reducing the acidity and giving the sperm a fighting chance of reaching the egg.

What Are The Perfect Foods For The Follicular Phase?

Considering the activity that is going on inside, the focus is on providing the right food to stimulate the maturation of the follicles and helping your body deal with the additional estrogen (there is a lot).

There are a range of ways that you can help your body metabolise the increased level of estrogen.

These include getting enough Vitamin D, magnesium and ensuring you’re having enough beauty sleep.

Possibly the most important nutrient during this phase is vitamin E. Vitamin E is vital to the fluid protecting your egg housed in the follicle. A deficiency in vitamin E can lead to negative changes in your ovaries and uterus.

Dr Axe have created this great infographic that really breaks down the foods with the best vitamin E content:

vitamin e rich foods
DrAxe Infographic

You can see their full article on vitamin E foods here: https://draxe.com/top-10-vitamin-e-rich-foods/

Fertility Diet To Boost Ovulation

Having the right diet to improve your chance of a successful ovulation cycle is absolutely vital. Fatty acids like omega 3, 6 and 9 are crucial during this phase. As a result, nuts, sesame seeds and olive oil are just some of the foods you should add to your diet.

I have to admit before doing the research for this article, I hadn’t realised just how many vitamins and minerals there are that play a role in conceiving.

How people were able to get pregnant before all of the science became available on the Internet?

By making these changes and improving by a percentage point at a time then we’re improving our chances.

Even though we can’t ever reach 100% 🙁 Or even 50%!

I used to view the ovulation phase as the most important.

I naively thought, “this is the main event”. This is the time when the sperm aren’t just going for a swim, they’re going for a swim with a goal in mind.

Sperm with a purpose.

Foods To Nail Your Ovulation Phase

At this time of the month, the focus is on ensuring your egg has all it needs to have a healthy release of the egg and to encourage implantation.

Essential fatty acids play a vital role. Essential fatty acids play a vital role in stimulating blood flow in your ‘special place’ and allow the follicle to open, to release the egg.

You will need to get used to having more essential fatty acids in your diet because they’ve been proven to help with your baby’s heart, eye and brain development.

Source: https://www.top10homeremedies.com/

While omega 3 is the fatty acid that is best known, you shouldn’t be forgetting about omega 6 and omega 9. Each of the three fatty acids have a role to play.

Chia seeds and flaxseeds are great source of omega 3. Nuts and seeds like walnut and sesame seeds are a great source of omega 6.

The great news is that your body is able to make omega 9 on its own, meaning it is a non-essential fatty acid. Omega 9 is also found in olive oil, sunflower oil and other oils.

Hands Up If You’ve Even Heard Of The Luteal Phase?

For those of you that don’t know (like me), the Luteal phase is the period between ovulation and when you actually have your period.

During this phase, your body will still be preparing for a baby, even if you’re not actually pregnant. It seems like the body likes have a practice run each month!

The phase typically last for 10-16 days, although this can vary.

While there is often quite significant variation in the length of the menstruation phase, the luteal phase is much more consistent and will seldom vary by more than a day or two.

Fertility Diet To Improve Implantation

The key to have a diet that will improve the chance of implantation is to ensure that progesterone levels are able to remain high. The progesterone is responsible for the maintaining of the endometrial lining.

During the luteal phase, progesterone levels are high and that can have an impact on your body. The progesterone levels are high because once the egg has been released from the follicle (the supporting cells turn into corpus luteum and start producing progesterone).

The progesterone is responsible for maintaining the endometrial lining which will support the growth of the egg. If no egg has implanted then the corpus luteum will stop producing progesterone and you will shed your uterine lining.

Simple as that.

Most noticeably, the progesterone levels can raise internal body temperature by around 0.4 degrees. While this seems like an insignificant change, it is a big change for your body.

If you’re physically active or a gym goer then you may see your performance drop during this period.

Don’t overdo it, it is important you’re able to understand that the drop in performance is due to what’s happening inside your body.

Cognitive Function Improves

Conversely, while your gym performance might suffer, your motivation probably won’t.

During the luteal phase, your cognitive function improves and your ability to control your actions is enhanced and this means you have a much greater chance of either breaking a bad habit or sticking to a good habit.

This is a great time to try and phase out a bad habit.

Short Luteal Phase & Low Progesterone

While the luteal phase often doesn’t get much of the attention, having a short luteal phase can have a major impact on your ability to conceive. A luteal phase of under 10 days is a sign that your body is not producing a sufficient amount of progesterone.

While this means that it can be difficult for you to conceive, it can also point to a number of health issues.

Progesterone is absolutely vital to your health and if you’re not getting enough of it then you can have trouble sleeping, slow your metabolism and impact on your bone health.

If you want to find out more about the influence of progesterone then this article by AvaWomen is a really good resource. Progesterone is kind of a big deal.

Foods To Boost Progesterone Levels

If you are struggling with low progesterone then HormonesBalance.com have put together this really great infographic resource. It outlines the top 9 ways to boost your progesterone levels:

Resource from: https://www.hormonesbalance.com/articles/10-natural-ways-to-boost-progesterone-balance-hormones/

Other Nutrients During Luteal Phase

In addition, during the luteal phase beta-carotene is a really important nutrient.

Beta-carotene can be found in carrots, oranges, sweet potatoes and a range of other foods.

Bromelain is another important nutrient during the luteal phase and a good source of this is pineapple.

While the science around the impact of pineapple on conception is still limited, the anti-inflammatory properties of pineapple can only be a good thing.

Other Dietary Roadblocks

While we have covered the different stages of the cycle in detail, there are other dietary considerations when you’re trying to conceive. Many of the changes you can make and the foods we are going to talk about are known healthy foods.

If you’re to take nothing else away from this article, takeaway that taking care of your own health is more important than any of the specifics that have been listed above.

It is a fact that if you’re not healthy then having a bit of pineapple or some almonds in your follicular phase, isn’t going to have the impact that you’re hoping for.

For many of the foods and much of the advice listed, you will already be aware of the health benefits and know that you should be adding these things to your diet.

The Best Diet Tips To Reduce Chance of Miscarriage

The biggest keys to preventing miscarriage are about keeping things simple. A well balanced diet is as important when you’re expecting as when you are trying to conceive.

Some of the key things that you should focus on avoiding:

  • Caffeine should be limited to under 200mg per day. The placento and the baby don’t have the enzyme required to process the caffeine.
  • Fish, particularly high mercury fish. High mercury fish include swordfish and makerel.
  • Raw eggs are something to avoid and can be found in suprising foods. Be sure to check the eggs are pasteurised in things like salad dressings and cake icing.
  • Raw seafood because parasites and bacteria can be lurking in these foods.
  • Undercooked or rare meat is like the raw seafood, it can include bacteria that will be harmful to the mum and the baby.
  • Unwashed vegetables are another thing to avoid. A good wash of any fruit and veg is a great idea, if you want to avoid any unwanted bacteria and infections.
  • Alcohol has been proven to harm the development of the brain and will increase the chances of stillbirth and miscarriage.

The real key is to follow a healthy balanced diet that is full of all the nutrients that you and your baby need to develop. You don’t need to eat for two. 350-500 extra calories in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters is all you need.

Keep Your Insulin Levels To A Minimum

There have been some studies that have suggested that having high insulin levels can inhibit ovulation. This is because eating foods that are high on the glycemic index can lead to insulin resistance.

You don’t have to completely cut out all of the foods that are high on the glycemic index, be sure to at least be having more on the lower end of the scale. You’ll boost your insulin sensitivity, boost your health, potentially lose weight and improve your chance of conceiving.

Below is a great chart to get an idea of where different foods fall on the scale:

Source: https://healthiack.com/health/glycemic-index-chart

Another contributor to high insulin levels and potential insulin resistance could be the number of trans fats that you are eating. Trans fat are found in many of your people’s favourite treats.

Foods High In Trans Fats:

  • Cakes
  • Biscuits
  • Breakfast sandwiches
  • Popcorn
  • Frozen pizza
  • Fried fast food
  • Doughnuts

If you want a great list of foods to avoid and the reasoning behind it, then check out the article on ClevelandClinic.org.

These foods could all be holding back your chance of conceiving.

Eating these trans fats won’t just lead to insulin resistance but it is also linked with strokes and heart disease. Trans fats will increase the levels of bad cholesterol (LDL) and lower your levels of good cholesterol (HDL).

While you don’t need to cut them out completely, it is definitely a good idea to keep an eye on your intake, even if you’re not currently trying.

While you’re chopping out the trans fats, it is the perfect time to get some ‘good’ fats into your diet. These ‘healthy fats’ are monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. Consuming these fats will actually decrease the levels of bad cholesterol.

If you don’t want to become an insufferable avocado Instagrammer (those people that seem to post pictures of avocados every day!), you don’t have to.

It turns out, there are a heap of different foods you can have that’ll lower your bad cholesterol and make giving up some of the trans fats a little easier.

Foods High In ‘Healthy Fats’:

  • Coconut
  • Avocado
  • Dark chocolate
  • Some nuts
  • Salmon
  • Olive oil
  • Flaxseed

These are just some of the dozens of foods that you enjoy. Eatthis have put together a more comprehensive list if you want to find more ‘healthy fat’ options.

The Low Fat Myth

On this same theme, while you may be heading for the low fat options, they might not be the right choice for your fertility or your health in general.

While the science and studies have been very limited, Walter Willett, a professor of nutrition and epidemiology at Harvard has suggested that those consuming low-fat dairy, appeared to have more difficulty conceiving.

While the jury is definitely still out on this one, consuming more whole milk and full fat yoghurt is another good way of getting your quota of ‘healthy fats’.



All of you that depend on your daily fix of coffee can breathe a collective sigh of relief.

While excessive caffeine consumption (over 250mg a day) isn’t going to be good for you, that morning coffee isn’t going to be impacting on your fertility. There is still more research on-going but researchers haven’t found a link between moderate caffeine consumption and fertility problems.

To put the 250mg limit into context, it is estimated that the average cup of coffee has 95mg of caffeine. Admittedly, there are a wide range of factors that can increase this number.

Get Those Greens

You will have seen throughout the different phases, there were a couple of common themes. The first was eating plenty of green vegetables and the second was pumping up your iron intake, particularly during the menstruation phase.

While some of the things listed above are advisory, getting enough fruit and veg in your diet isn’t really optionable.

Yes, there are people that manage to get pregnant with horrible diets.

There are also smokers that live to 100 years old! It has been conclusively proven that eating more fruit and vegetables is going to improve your chances of conceiving.

The reason that they are so important is because they’re the best way of ensuring you’re getting enough vitamins and minerals in your diet. While there are a wide range of vitamin supplements, and indeed some of them will help you supplement, they should only ever be used as supplementation.

Important Note: Having a couple of multivitamins is no substitute for getting enough vegetables.

Vitamin Packed Fruit & Vegetables

For some of you, you’ll already have a vegetable-packed diet so the list below will serve as a tick sheet for you. For others, below is a comprehensive lists of the vegetables that you could and should be adding to your diet:

  • Orange (vitamin C, potassium, calcium and folate)
  • Grapefruit (vitamin C, potassium, calcium and folate)
  • Clementines (vitamin C, potassium, calcium and folate)
  • Kiwi (vitamin C, potassium, calcium and folate)
  • Spinach (calcium, iron and folate)
  • Kale (calcium, iron and folate)
  • Swiss Chard (calcium, iron and folate)
  • Blueberries (antioxidants, folate and vitamin C)
  • Raspberries (antioxidants, folate and vitamin C)
  • Avocados (folate, vitamin K and ‘healthy fats’)
  • Quinoa (fibre, protein, folate and zinc) – I know this is a grain!
  • Walnuts (magnesium, fibre and omega 3)
  • Lentils (fibre, iron, B vitamin and folate)
  • Beans (fibre, iron, B vitamin and folate)

You will see that folate is a nutrient that is found in virtually all of the foods in this list. It is vitally important not just when trying to conceive but when you’re pregnant too. There are folic acids supplements. These are a great way to make sure you’re getting enough of this awesome B vitamin.

How To Improve Male Fertility Diet

Strong, mobile and functioning sperm is the aim. Learn the change that every man can make to their diet to achieve these aims.

While it is often female fertility that draws the spotlight and gets the media attention, male fertility is just as important. Some of the issues can include:

  • Sperm abnormalities
  • Low sperm count
  • Lack of sperm
  • Premature ejaculation
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Retrograde ejaculation

In this article, we are going to go through what each issue is, what causes it and the changes to your diet that could make a difference.

Sperm Abnormalities

Sperm abnormalities can be anything to do with your sperm morphology, referring to the size and shape of your sperm.

You want to have a minimum of 4% healthy ‘normal’ sperm.

I don’t know about you but that seems like an incredibly low number. When I read further, the healthy range is between 4-14%.

I expected that at least half of my troops would be up to the task at hand. When you factor in how many head in the wrong direction, get killed in transit and everything else, 4-14% doesn’t seem like enough!

There is quite the list of things that go wrong with them:

Source: https://www.conceptfertility.co.uk/causes-of-infertility/causes-of-male-infertility/poor-sperm-morphology/

To me, rather than sperm, these looked like various children attempting to blow up their first balloon. Although, kudos to the kid that has blown the balloon with 2 heads or 2 tails!

However, it isn’t all doom and gloom. Your brain seems to know just how naff your sperm are, so it creates millions and millions of them. The average man can release between 40 million and 1.2 billion sperm cells in a single ejaculation.

When you apply that 4% figure then that means you have between 1.6 million and 48 million that are able to get the job done.

Although, I would think that having two tails when be a positive rather than a negative. It’d be a bit like a swimmer having an extra pair of legs. In fact, abnormal sperm are still able to fertilise the egg, they’re just not as well equipped for the journey.

What Causes Sperm Abnormalities?

While men can continue to father children into their later years, sperm do to tend have a higher chance of being abnormal as you age. Although, one of my classmate’s dad’s was able to father his sixth child at the age of 64. Age isn’t a barrier, even if there are a few more abnormalities to contend with.

Outside of age and genetics, there are a range of environmental factors that can either increase or decrease the percentage of your sperm that have abnormal qualities. The majority of these factors are not surprisingly:

  • Alcohol
  • Recreational drugs
  • Caffeine
  • Tobacco
  • Genetics
  • Weight

All of the above factors will increase the chance of your sperm having abnormal qualities.

Alcohol – Might Encourage Love Making – Isn’t Good For Sperm

In the testes, there are Sertoli cells that produce a protein that nurtures the sperm and allows them to develop properly. However, the consumption of alcohol will stunt the release of LH and FSH hormones. This leads to deterioration of these important Sertoli cells and leads to a higher percentage of abnormal sperm.

In some cases, excessive alcohol abuse can mean that no sperm are produced.

It seems like your vision isn’t the only thing that an extra drink can make squiffy!

The good news is that stopping drinking will reverse the impact in as little as 3 months.

In the case of those whose sperm production has stopped due to altogether, abstaining from alcohol brought the swimmers back in just 6 months.

alcohol impacts

Recreational Drugs

As I started to do some research into the impact of recreational drugs, it quickly became clear that the impact very much depends on the drug. I would just like to make it clear that I’m not an advocate of recreational drugs. I’ve never tried them and never intend to.

That being said, everyone’s choices are there own so I’ve taken an objective look at the evidence available.

As you would expect, there are studies for virtually all recreational drugs suggesting that prolonged usage will have an impact on fertility and sperm morphology. There are clear links between consistent cannabis use and a decline in male fertility.

Cocaine is a big no no for pregnant women but might not be so damaging for men in small doses.

However, one of the biggest no goes is something that would often not be considered to be a recreational drug, steroids. While taking steroids will increase the level of testosterone in your blood stream, this testosterone can’t reach your testicles.

In order to try and combat the excessive levels, your brain will compensate by ceasing production in your testicles. This causes your testicles to shrink and your sperm production to halt.

I’m a gym goer and the allure of big gains is there but I don’t think it is worth the price your balls have to pay.

The good news is that after ceasing usage, you should return to normal in as little as 6 months. Still, I don’t think they’re a good choice, even if you’re not trying right now.

Caffeine – They’ve Supercharge The Sperm, Right?

There are a number of studies to suggest that having a higher volume of caffeine consumption will have an adverse impact on fertility. However, the challenge with caffeine related studies is that many of the high caffeine consumers have a range of other bad habits.

When I read through a more detailed caffeine study (full study here), they struggled to establish a clear link between caffeine consumption and sperm quality. Interestingly, it was only with cola based drinks that a drop was observed.

For me, I do enjoy using pre-workout supplements which are high on caffeine.

While there isn’t conclusive supporting research, I do think I will be steering clear of them for a little while. This is more due to my own fear, than hard scientific proof.

Smoking – Unsurprisingly Not Helpful

Again, like caffeine, it is often difficult to isolate smoking as the direct cause of changes in sperm morphology. Smoking can’t be seen as the only reason that an individual falls below that 4% threshold. However, smoking definitely doesn’t help your chance, according to the studies that have been conducted.

A study by European Urology suggested that the impact on sperm morphology is worst for moderate to heavy smokers.

Plus, in the case of smoking, although the links to sperm morphology aren’t 100% clear, there are so many other health reasons to give up smoking.

In a separate study, it was shown that smokers cells carried too little protamine which significantly increase the chance of DNA damage. DNA damage significantly increases the chance of miscarriage and makes it more difficult more to conceive.

No-one really wants DNA damage in there life, it just sounds bad!


Unfortunately, if you have a perfect diet and tick all of the other boxes but still have poor sperm morphology then it is going to be due to your genetics.

For those with poor sperm morphology due to genetics, there isn’t much you can do to correct the problem. However, if you are like me, then I’m sure you have a few vices to cut out before you can attribute the poor shape to your genetics.

To be honest, I find this the most scary problem. The others are something I could address. Genetics are something I’m stuck with.

Changes To Your Diet To Help Sperm Abnormalities

There are some that suggest that there isn’t really too much you can do to improve your sperm morphology. The Malpani infertility clinic suggests that the pressure on doctors means they are prescribing pills that won’t have an impact. Patients simply refuse to believe their isn’t a pill that’ll cure their problem.

The more information I read, then the more it seems that the Malpani infertility clinic has it right. The main steps you can take from a dietary perspective are to remove the negative factors listed above.

Some of the steps to improve morphology:

  • If you drink then don’t drink to excess (a glass of wine or a few pints won’t hurt)
  • Limit your use of recreational drugs
  • Don’t consume caffeine in excess amount (over 300mg)
  • Try to give up or limit your smoking

While many of the doctor statements I’ve been through suggest that multivitamins can’t hurt and might help, there isn’t clear evidence to prove that they are nothing more than an expensive gimmick.

Low Sperm Count

A low sperm count (oligozoospermia) is when a man has fewer than 15 million sperm per millilitre of semen.

To me that seems like a lot of sperm per millilitre but that is the benchmark according to the NHS. The NHS suggest that you should only visit the doctor for a count check if you’ve not managed to conceive after a year of trying.

They also suggest that although you can buy over the count tests, their accuracy hasn’t been proven by a solid body of evidence. Most notably, these tests often set the benchmark at 20 million, rather than the 15 million international benchmark. I’ve not tried any of the home tests yet because we are just 2 months in but I will update the article if I give them a go.

I think I’m a little scared to give even the home test a try.

What Causes Low Sperm Count?

For many of the causes of sperm count, there is an overlap with the causes of poor shape and size. However, the main causes are considered to be:

  1. Smoking
  2. Heat
  3. Intercourse
  4. Weight
  5. Alcohol
  6. Genetic problem
  7. Genital infections
  8. Surgery
  9. Some medications

Below, I’ve briefly explained why each of the factors listed above can impact on your sperm count. Again, as mentioned earlier, people that tick one or all of these boxes could still have reasonable enough sperm count to make their partner pregnant. Nonetheless, if you do tick one of these boxes, you’re not improving your chances.


It is suggested that you need to having 20+ cigarettes a day for it to start to have a real impact on your sperm count. Heavy to moderate smoking has been proven to reduce the levels of antioxidants in the semen, these antioxidants are vital in protecting the sperm against free radicals. This along with the previous reasons listed making giving up smoking a fertility no-brainer.


Again, it’ll only be high levels of consumption that have the worst impact. High levels of alcohol consumption will lower testosterone and sperm production. Excessive alcohol consumption will also lower your libido and can cause impotence. Essentially, it’ll mean you have less sex, find it harder to have sex and when you have sex, less sperm will be there to fertilise the egg.


I knew that there was an on-going joke about cyclists cooking their balls. Having a laptop parked on your guys isn’t a great idea. There is overwhelming supporting science proving the impact the additional heat can have. There is even a website called DontCookYourBalls.com that talks at length about the issue.

I will now do my best to summarise the basics but feel free to click on any of the links to find about the studies and more of the science.

Sperm are produced at a temperature 3-4 degrees lower than your core body temperature. As the temperature rises, there is a drop in sperm production. This means that there is even evidence to suggest that men are more fertile in the winter months when the balls aren’t overheated as much!

Luckily the body has the cremaster muscle to either bring your balls closer to your body, during times of cold and further away during times of heat.

There are literally dozens of different ways that you can be overcooking your sperm, these include:

  1. Hot tubs
  2. Laptops on your lap
  3. Cycling
  4. Cooking
  5. Tight fitting clothes
  6. Obesity
  7. Fever
  8. Undescended testicles

Reading this list, I was quite concerned because I did/do a number of these things. However, it appears that brief exposure to any of the above is OK. So long as you give your testicles a chance to return to a normal temperature. There are even some people that have taken to icing their balls during warm temperatures in the summer.


We have covered this in other articles about how often you should be having sex. So I won’t have go into too much detail. Basically, there is such a thing as having too much sex when you’re trying to conceive. It’ll take 2-3 days for your sperm to replenish fully after having sex. Having sex more often than this can lower their quality.

Genetic Conditions

There are some genetic conditions that could be responsible for drop in sperm count. I’m not going to go into detail about each of the conditions. There is still a lot of research to do in this area. Some men do still suffer with unexplained infertility.

If you think you’re doing all the right things but still have a low sperm count then it is best to speak to your doctor. They’ll be able to arrange the necessary tests and potentially find the solution.

Changes To Your Diet To Help Boost Your Sperm Count

It is estimated that 1 in 6 couples fail to conceive in the first year and 30% of these cases are due to male fertility problems. If you’re struggling to conceive then you need to think about your diet and the things you might be doing that’ll impact on your ability to conceive.

Despite how far science has come in recent years, doctors will still often not be able to pinpoint the exact cause for male infertility. We’ve summarised some of the things that the doctors will suggest can improve your fertility.

While it is really strictly a change to your diet, giving up smoking can do nothing but improve your chances of conceiving. Sperm take 3 months to develop so giving smoking the elbow 3 months before trying is a great idea.

While there aren’t direct changes to your diet that will lower the temperature of your testicles, losing weight and maintaining a healthy weight is a good way to prevent one of the leading causes of overheating. In cases of obesity, the additional layers of fat can lay over the testicles and cause them to overheat. Overheated testicles won’t produce the right number or quality of sperm.

If there is an underlying infection that is causing a blockage or inflammation then the doctor should be able to diagnose it and provide the appropriate medication. This will often be in the form of antibiotics. If you’re already taking recreational drugs or steroids then you need to avoid these because they will also impact on the number and quality of sperm.

What Is A Good Fertility Diet For Vegans

The main thing if you’re following a vegan diet, is to make sure that you are getting enough of the nutrients that you need.

These main nutrients are:

– Protein – A minimum of 0.9 per kilogram of body weight with slightly more if you follow a more active lifestyle. Great sources include chickpeas, lentils, nuts and many other vegan protein sources.

– Iron – This is often a problem for vegans and omnivores alike. Iron is vital to egg and sperm health. Broccoli and berries are great sources of iron, although plant iron won’t absorb as readily.

– Calcium – Is needed for sperm function and embyro development. Some of the best sources of calcium for vegans include root vegetables and dark greens.

– Vitamin D – While this is a struggle for everyone, it is particularly hard to find on a vegan diet. Supplementation is the best option.

– Zinc – Hormone regulation and libido depend on you getting enough zinc. Pumpkin and sesame seeds are a great source. If you go down the supplementation route, make sure you are topping up your copper levels too.

– B12 Vitamin – This is something that is really hard to find if you are following a vegan diet. It is most abundant in red meat but can also be found in seaweed and almond milk. A supplement is possibly the best bet here.

It is also important to note that you want to try and avoid a diet heavily focused vegan ‘junk’ food and soy. It is easy to eat vegan processed food that isn’t providing the nutrients you need. Soy can cause hormone imbalances that harm your chance of conceiving.

Fertility Diet For Specific Conditions

While there are a number of steps you can take to improve your chance to conceive, it can be made even more difficult if you have conditions to factor in. We have taken a look at each of these conditions and detailed the changes you can make to your food to improve your chances.

Fertility Diet For Low AMH

Low AMH is a sign that you have a depleted ovarian reserve. You could be heading for an early menopause. A level of below 1.0ng/ml is considered to be low in under 35s. The healthy range is 1.5-4.0ng/ml.

If you are suffering from irregular periods then a simple blood test will let you know.

Making changes to your diet will provide the opportunity to improve your chances. While pills can be used to manage the condition, they won’t restore the healthy of your endocrine system (hormones).

Acupuncture and yoga are some of the alternative methods that have been suggested to improve low AMH. Moreover, fasting has been proven to have some positive impacts.

The idea is that fasting will remove toxins from your body, these toxins would potentially be damaging your eggs. Therefore, removing them will improve the health of your eggs.

Ultimately, low AMH can be considered as deadly to your baby making plans. While medicine hasn’t yet come up with a conclusive response, there are a number of steps you can take to make improvements.

This article on FightYourInfertility is a great resource on low AMH

Fertility Diet For FET (Frozen Embryo Transfer)

The steps to improve your fertility are the same when using FET as when opting for natural conception. A diet full of nutrients, minerals and whole foods is key to successful implantation.

Vegetables, healthy fats, fruits, nuts and seeds are all your friends.

Iron is always important to ensure that the uterine lining is healthy. Spinach is a great source of iron.

Fertility Diet For Endometriosis

There is still debate about the impact of your diet on the severity of endometriosis (supporting study).

However, it does appear that following a healthy balanced diet high in fruit and vegetables but low in saturated fat reduces the likelihood of suffering from endometriosis.

There are diets that claim to reduce the inflammation, reduce the pain and kerb the excessive level of estrogen. A diet high in fat has been proven to increase estrogen levels in the bloodstream.

There is a lot of conflicting information. Other studies have shown a diet higher in diary and increased overall fat consumption decreases the risk.

From the research we’ve conducted, there isn’t yet a conclusive answer. The best apporach is to focus on a healthy balanced diet full of all the usual vitamins and minerals you need.

The Best Diet For Healthy Eggs

Old and unhealthy eggs are 2 of the main reasons a woman may be infertile. The usual response from doctors is IVF, an egg donor or even adoption.

Yet, there are steps that you can take to improve the health of your eggs. Blood flow, stress, hormonal balance and nutrition are key factors.

Exercise and drinking enough water are the best ways to improve blood flow. If you’re feeling brave, you can even go for a fertility massage.

Hormonal balance and stress often go hand in hand. If you’re taking care of one then you can be sure to be taking care of the other. Understanding that trying to conceive is going to be a journey.

You will be disappointed each month, until you conceive. You need to try and make sure you have a strong support network and focus on removing stress from the other aspects of your life.

Caffeine, cigarettes, alcohol, processed foods, trans fats and low fat foods are all going to harm your egg health. As mentioned earlier in the article, vegetables, healthy fats and berries are just some of the foods that can improve your egg health.

For years it has been thought that women are born with a finite number of eggs. Recent research has found stem cells in the ovaries, suggesting that new eggs are produced throughout your reproductive life.

Dietary Considerations For Over 40

A diet high in fruit, vegetables, vitamins, minerals and natural fresh foods will improve your chance of falling pregnant in your 40s. A diet low in processed foods, caffeine, sugar paired with exercise will improve your egg health, reduce your stress levels, improve your hormonal balance and greatly increase your chance of having a baby.

Best Foods For IVF

If you’re taking the leap into IVF, you want to do everything you can to improve your chances. Making changes to your diet can have a positive influence on your success rate. Studies have suggested that consuming avocados can make you 3.4 times more likely to succeed.

There is definitely plenty of evidence to demonstrate that a mediterranean diet, high in healthy fats, vegetables and low in processed foods will work wonders.

IVF is a change for any couple and there are a number of great websites that’ll share their stories and provide all of the support and advice you need. This one is particularly useful.

Best Foods For PCOS

Women with PCOS typically suffer from irregular periods and may no menstrate at all. Ovarian cysts are caused by the over production of androgens (hormones).

High fibre vegetables, lean protein and anti-flammatory foods are the best options if you have PCOS. The high fibre vegetables can lessen the impact of higher than normal insulin levels.

Kale, spinach and tomatoes are some of the anti-flammatory foods that can provide the best results.

Best Fertility Diet For High FSH & Low Ovarian Reserve

High levels of the follicle stimulating hormone are a clear sign of a low ovarian reserve. The body responds to the low ovarian reserve by producing greater and greater amount of FSH.

Exercise and massage are two great ways to improve bloodflow and reduce the FSH levels.

Improving kidney health is another key to lower your levels of the follicle stimulating hormone. Some of the foods to improve your kidney function include:

  • Red peppers
  • Cucumber
  • Cauliflower
  • Celery
  • Berries
  • Watermelon
  • Lower sodium intake

To see the full list of foods to improve kidney function, there is a great resource here.

Final Note

The more I trawled through the web, the more I discovered that there are hundreds of things that will ‘potentially’ improve your chances. Dozens of different theories have been proven to work in small samples. There are a few big red flags but really a lot more research needs to be done.

For example, as a cyclist, I was keen to learn if cycling was causing a low sperm count. I found some articles that suggested cycling was cooking my testicles and putting pressure that would restrict the blood flow to my testicles.

In contrast, a large study referenced on the BabyCentre suggested that for amateur cyclists, there was no link between cycling and infertility. LiveStrong goes further by suggesting that it is only prolonged cycling or cycling on rough terrain that’ll impact on your fertility.

Ultimately, what I’m taking from the research is that I should do the things that I know to be healthy. I should avoid cigarettes, drugs, alcohol, obesity and other things that I know are bad for my health. However, I won’t be making major changes to how I live or how I commute, until there is some conclusive proof.

Thank you for reading and please feel free to comment with your own experiences?

All the best,




…and thanks for stopping by. I thought I would introduce us; myself (Jo) and my boyfriend Chris. We’ll both be uploading our innermost thoughts and musings over the next phase of our lives which we hope is a very happy one. Welcome to our world x

4 thoughts on “Improving Fertility With Your Diet (Increase Your Chances Today)”

  1. Pingback: Dieta para mantenerte en forma en tu embarazo

  2. Pingback: The Impact of Stress On Fertility (My Story) - One Plus One and Beyond

  3. michelle vicky

    my husband and I used ttc herbal once, I’m pregnant! It’s so easy to use and I would highly recommend others try this product. We are thrilled on facebook: oduduwa ajakaye

  4. Pingback: Trying To Get Pregnant After 30 (The Secrets To Natural Conception)

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *